International Conference “Migration Management” and International Organizations in the 20th Century

April 23-25 2015, Athens, Greece
”Leonidas Zervas” Amphitheatre – National Hellenic Research Foundation
48, Vassileos Constantinou Avenue
The Conference is organized as part of the research project Migration Management and International Organizations: A history of the establishment of the International Organization for Migration within the framework of the Operational Programme “Education and Lifelong Learning” (Action “ARISTEIA”). Both the conference and the project are co-financed by the European Union (European Social Fund) and national funds.

For more information on the research project: http://mimio.uop.gr/site/?q=en

“Migration Management” and International Organizationsin the 20th Century
It is well documented that many modern Western states developed, albeit in an uneven manner, systematic policies to control borders and to steer population movements in the 19th century. More importantly, attempts to establish international agencies accorded with the task of regulating economic and forced migration go back to the end of World War I with the creation of the International Labour Organization and the Commission for Refugees of the League of Nations. However, while there is a vast literature on international organizations’ strategies for the administration and resettlement of refugees after the two World Wars, scholarship on international attempts at regulating and/or managing economic migration is still scarce. Research up to now has focused mainly on the International Labour Organization’s efforts to establish legal regulations concerning migrant worker’s rights during the Inter-War period and on inter-state migration agreements. Notably, considered research into the more than 60 year history of the International Organization for Migration, has been at best partial, despite the Organization’s global visibility.
States in the early 21st century have been increasingly working together to regulate population movements and refugee relief through regional and global negotiations and coordination. Optimal effectiveness in “migration management”, it is claimed, involves inter-state cooperation as well as collaboration with non-state agencies.
Despite the dominance of this term, there has been little insight into understanding: how this notion became the conventional wisdom in migration rhetoric and contemporary debates; what this notion actually refers to, or how it has changed over time, and, particularly so in the context of market liberalization.
The Conference aims to contribute to a better understanding of historical developments and current trends and perceptions of “migration management” with a focus on the role of international organizations in steering economic and forced migration. Moreover, it seeks to jointly interrogate past international regulation efforts of both economic and forced migration. This international interdisciplinary conference will thus address the following two interrelated issues:
The emergence and evolution of concepts of “migration management” and the history of the policies, practices and discourses underlying them.
The history of international organizations accorded with the task of regulating economic and forced migration during the 20th century.

“Migration Management” and International Organizations
in the 20th Century

THURSDAY, 23 April 2015

9.00-9.30
Registration
9.30-10.00
Opening Addresses
Prof. Kostas Masselos, Rector of the University of the Peloponnese
Prof. Taxiarchis Kolias, Director of the Institute of Historical Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation
Ms. Laura Thompson- Deputy Director General of the International Organization for Migration (tbc)
Prof. Thanassis Katsis, Dean of the School of Social and Political Sciences, University of the Peloponnese
Prof. Lina Venturas, Academic Coordinator of the Research Project, University of the Peloponnese

10:00-12.50
I. Migration Regulation in the Early 20th Century
Chair: Donna Gabaccia
10.00-10.20 Gerhard Wolf, From Paris to Potsdam: Migration Management and the Pacification of Europe (1919-1955)
10.20-10.40 Stefano Gallo, Italy, the ILO and the Quest for an International Migration Management in the 1920s
10.40-11.00 Yaron Jean, A Many Headed Document: The Passport System and the Birth of Migration Management in Europe between the World Wars
11.00-11.20 Glen Peterson, ‘Migration Management’ in the Colonial and Semi-Colonial Worlds: Imperial Sovereignty and the Question of Forced Migration
11.20-11.40 Discussion
11.40-12.00 Coffee break
Invited Speaker: Dirk Hoerder
12.00- 12.30 Migrant Agency under Changing Frames from 19th-century ‘Open Doors’ to 20th-century ‘Migration Management’
12.30-12.50 Discussion
12.50-15.00 Lunch Break

15.00-17.10
II. Migration Regulation and International Law
Chair: Bob Reinalda
Invited Speaker: Philippe Rygiel
15.00-15.30 Extradition as a Contested International Issue in the pre-WW1 Western World
15.30-15.50 Discussion
15.50-16.10 Konstantinos Tsitselikis, International Organizations and Management of Migration Movements (1945-1960): An International Law Perspective
16.10-16.30 Christoph A. Rass, Bilateralism and Network Effects in Migration Regimes
16.30-16.50 Victoria Banti-Markouti, The Role of the European Court of Human Rights’ Case Law in Shaping Government Decisions on Migration Policy Issues
16.50-17.10 Discussion
17.10-17.30 Coffee break

17.30-19.15
III. Voluntary and International Organizations: Protecting and Managing Migrants
Chair: Jerôme Elie
17.30-17.50 Gur Alroey, Information, Decision and Migration: The Information Bureaus and the Jewish Emigration from Eastern Europe in the early Twentieth Century
17.50-18.10 Pandora Dimanopoulou-Cohen, The Role of International Christian Organizations in Migration Management and Practices: The Case of the Churches’ Commission for Migrants in Europe
18.10-18.30 Stephan Scheel and Philipp Ratfisch, The Emergence of UNHCR’s Forced Migration Management: Creating New Figures of Protection
18.30-18.50 Luciana Lăzărescu and Marana Matei, The Role of UNHCR in Building the Immigrant Integration System in Romania
18.50-19.15 Discussion

FRIDAY, 24 April 2015
10.00- 11.50
IV. Gender, International Organizations and Migration Management
Chair: Dirk Hoerder
10.00-10.20 Philippa Hetherington, Gendered Migration Management and the League of Nations: Constructing the ‘Good’ Female Migrant in the Interwar Period
10.20-10.40 Nicola Piper and Stuart Rosewarne, Advancing the Rights of Women Workers in the Global South: ILO at the Crossroads of Labour, Women’s and Migrant’s Rights
10.40-11.00 Discussion
Invited Speaker: Donna Gabaccia
11.00-11.30 Sex and Data from League to U.N.: The Discovery of the Feminization of Migration
11.30-11.50 Discussion
11.50-12.10 Coffee Break

12.10-13.30
V. The Post-World War II era and International Migration Management
Chair: Martin Geiger
12.10-12.30 Yannis G.S. Papadopoulos, Plans Full of People: Transferring Populations to Latin America (1934-1960)
12.30-12.50 Sara Dehm, ‘The Tragic Paradox of the Present Epoch’: Post-WWII Surplus Populations, Demography, and the Establishment of the IOM
12.50-13.10 Lina Venturas, Complex Rationales for Regulating Migration through Multilateral Collaboration in the Post-WWII Western World
13.10-13.30 Discussion
13.30-15.00 Lunch Break

15.00-17.10
VI. Interactions between National and International Migration Management
Chair: Vassilis Karydis
Invited Speaker: Dimitria Groutsis
15.00-15.30 Interpreting Transitioning Discourses of Migration Management: An Historical Analysis of the Post-War Period
15.30-15.50 Discussion
15.50-16.10 Maria Damilakou, ICEM and the Migration Policy of Peron in Argentina (1952-1955): Similarities and Divergences in Aims, Discourses and Practices
16.10-16.30 Ioannis Limnios-Sekeris, Cooperation, Alliances and Competition: Receiving Countries’ Participation in ICEM
16.30-16.50 Dimitris Parsanoglou, The ICEM in an Internationalized Environment: An Early Globalization of Migration Management?
16.50-17.10 Discussion
17.10-17.30 Coffee Break

17.30-18.50
VII. Training Migrants, Development and Welfare Policies
Chair: Konstantinos Tsitselikis
17.30-17.50 Giota Tourgeli, Development through Manpower Training: ILO and ICEM Discourses and Policies in the 1950s.
17.50-18.10 Karen E. Watton, Between the Desired and the Endured: Managing ICM’s Pre-departure Training Courses in Traiskirchen Refugee Camp, Austria, 1982–1988
18.10-18.30 Alexis Franghiadis, Cold War and Welfare Policies: the Case of ICEM, 1951-1960
18.30-18.50 Discussion
20.30 CONFERENCE RECEPTION

SATURDAY, 25 April 2015
10.00-12.30
VIII. International Organizations Established for Migration Management: Crises and Contestations
Chair: Lambros Baltsiotis
10.00-10.20 Jerôme Elie, UNHCR, ICEM and the Expulsion of Asians from Uganda in 1972
10.20-10.40 Fabian Georgi, The Fall and Rise of ICEM. From Existential Crisis to a Global Mandate (1973-1987)
10.40-11.00 Inken Bartels, The Role of the IOM in the Contested Field of Euro-Mediterranean Border and Migration Politics. A Practice-Theoretical Analysis of the Current ‘Migration Management’ Paradigm
11.00-11.20 Discussion
11.20-11.40 Coffee Break
Invited speaker: Bob Reinalda
11.40-12.10 The IOM and its Directors-General in the History of International Organization
12.10-12.30 Discussion

12.30-13.50
IX. The European Union’s Migration Regime
Chair: Philippe Rygiel
12.30-12.50 Simone Paoli, At the Origins of the Schengen System: Causes and Aims of a Silent Revolution (1985-1990)
12.50-13.10 Midori Okabe, On the EU Approach to Migration Management:-Power Formation, Forum Shopping, and Institutional Dynamics
13.10-13.30 Muhamed Amin, Fact or Fiction? The Role of the EU Parliament in Facilitating Public Discussions on Migration and Asylum through Popular Culture
13.30-13.50 Discussion
13.50-15.30 Lunch Break

15.30-17.20
X. Contemporary Migration Management
Chair: Leonidas Kallivretakis
Invited Speaker: Martin Geiger
15.30-16.00 Managing Migration in World Society. The IOM as “World Organization”
16.00-16.20 Discussion
16.20-16.40 Stuart Rosewarne, Migration Management: The Shifting Landscape of Management Instruments
16.40-17.00 Andrew Robarts, Inter-state Cooperation and Migration Management in the Black Sea Region
17.00-17.20 Discussion
17.20-17.40 Coffee Break

17.40-19.15
XI. Migration Management: Discourses and Practices
Chair: Dimitria Groutsis
17.40-18.00 Sandra Sacchetti, Between Discourse and Reality – Return Assistance Implemented
18.00-18.20 Reggina Mantanika, Assigned Landscapes of Migration and their Narrative. A Look at the Discourse of Authorities on Border Control in Greece
18.20-18.40 Shoshana Fine, Bordercratic Practices and the Making of Transit Migration
18.40-19.00 Discussion
19.00-19.15 CONCLUDING REMARKS

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