Contemporary Political History International Conference “Migration Management” and International Organizations in the 20th Century

UNIVERSITY OF THE PELOPONNESE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCES

Faculty of Social and Educational Policy Postgraduate Program: Social Discrimination, Migration and Citizenship

NATIONAL HELLENIC RESEARCH FOUNDATION INSTITUTE OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH

Section of Neohellenic Research Research Program: Historical Study of Settlements in Greece (15th-20th c.) Research Program: Contemporary Political History International Conference “Migration Management” and International Organizations in the 20th Century April 23-25 2015,Athens, Greece

”Leonidas Zervas” Amphitheatre – National Hellenic Research Foundation 48, Vassileos Constantinou Avenue

The Conference is organized as part of the research project Migration Management and International Organizations: A history of the establishment of the International Organization for Migration within the framework of the Operational Programme “Education and Lifelong Learning” (Action “ARISTEIA”).

Both the conference and the project are co-financed by the European Union (European Social Fund) and national funds.

For more information on the research project: http://mimio.uop.gr/site/?q=en 2

Scientific Committee Dimitris Dimitropoulos, Research Director, Institute of Historical Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation Donna Gabaccia, Professor, Department of Historical and Cultural Studies, University of Toronto Scarborough Martin Geiger, Professor, Department of Political Science, Carleton University Dimitria Groutsis, Senior Lecturer, Business School, University of Sydney Dirk Hoerder, Professor, Department of History, Arizona State University Leonidas Kallivretakis, Research Director, Institute of Historical Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation Bob Reinalda, Senior Researcher, Nijmegen School for Management, Radboud University Nijmegen Philippe Rygiel, Professor, Département d’Histoire, Université Paris X Lina Venturas, Professor, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of the Peloponnese Organizing Committee Lina Venturas, Professor, Academic Coordinator of the Research Project, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of the Peloponnese Yannis G.S. Papadopoulos, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of the Peloponnese Dimitris Parsanoglou, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of the Peloponnese Nikos Kourachanis, PhD Student, University of the Peloponnese Giota Tourgeli, PhD Student, University of the Peloponnese 3 “Migration Management” and International Organizations in the 20th Century It is well documented that many modern Western states developed, albeit in an uneven manner, systematic policies to control borders and to steer population movements in the 19th century.

More importantly, attempts to establish international agencies accorded with the task of regulating economic and forced migration go back to the end of World War I with the creation of the International Labour Organization and the Commission for Refugees of the League of Nations. However, while there is a vast literature on international organizations’ strategies for the administration and resettlement of refugees after the two World Wars, scholarship on international attempts at regulating and/or managing economic migration is still scarce.

Research up to now has focused mainly on the International Labour Organization’s efforts to establish legal regulations concerning migrant worker’s rights during the Inter-War period and on inter-state migration agreements. Notably, considered research into the more than 60 year history of the International Organization for Migration, has been at best partial, despite the Organization’s global visibility.

States in the early 21st century have been increasingly working together to regulate population movements and refugee relief through regional and global negotiations and coordination. Optimal effectiveness in “migration management”, it is claimed, involves inter-state cooperation as well as collaboration with non-state agencies.

Despite the dominance of this term, there has been little insight into understanding: how this notion became the conventional wisdom in migration rhetoric and contemporary debates; what this notion actually refers to, or how it has changed over time, and, particularly so in the context of market liberalization.

The Conference aims to contribute to a better understanding of historical developments and current trends and perceptions of “migration management” with a focus on the role of international organizations in steering economic and forced migration. Moreover, it seeks to jointly interrogate past international regulation efforts of both economic and forced migration.

This international interdisciplinary conference will thus address the following two interrelated issues: – The emergence and evolution of concepts of “migration management” and the history of the policies, practices and discourses underlying them.

– The history of international organizations accorded with the task of regulating economic and forced migration during the 20th century. 4 “Migration Management” and International Organizations in the 20th Century THURSDAY, 23 April 2015 9.00-9.30 Registration 9.30-10.00 Opening Addresses Prof. Kostas Masselos, Rector of the University of the Peloponnese Prof. Taxiarchis Kolias, Director of the Institute of Historical Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation Daniel Esdras, Chief of Mission in Greece, International Organization for Migration Prof. Thanassis Katsis, Dean of the School of Social and Political Sciences, University of the Peloponnese Prof. Lina Venturas, Academic Coordinator of the Research Project, University of the Peloponnese 10:00-12.30 I. Migration Regulation in the Early 20th Century Chair: Donna Gabaccia 10.00-10.20 Gerhard Wolf, From Paris to Potsdam: Migration Management and the Pacification of Europe (1919-1955) 10.20-10.40 Yaron Jean, A Many Headed Document: The Passport System and the Birth of Migration Management in Europe between the World Wars 10.40-11.00 Glen Peterson, ‘Migration Management’ in the Colonial and Semi- Colonial Worlds: Imperial Sovereignty and the Question of Forced Migration 11.00-11.20 Discussion 11.20-11.40 Coffee break 5 Invited Speaker: Dirk Hoerder 11.40- 12.10 Migrant Agency under Changing Frames from 19th-century ‘Open Doors’ to 20th-century ‘Migration Management’ 12.10-12.30 Discussion 12.30-13.30 II. The International Labor Organization and Migration in the 1920s Chair: Lina Venturas 12.30-12.50 Francesca Piana, The role of the ILO in the Refugee Question in the 1920s 12.50-13.10 Stefano Gallo, Italy, the ILO and the Quest for an International Migration Management in the 1920s 13.10-13.30 Discussion 13.30-15.00 Lunch Break 15.00-17.10 III.

Migration Regulation and International Law Chair: Bob Reinalda Invited Speaker: Philippe Rygiel 15.00-15.30 Extradition as a Contested International Issue in the pre-WW1 Western World 15.30-15.50 Discussion 15.50-16.10 Konstantinos Tsitselikis, International Organizations and Management of Migration Movements (1945-1960): An International Law Perspective 16.10-16.30 Christoph A. Rass, Bilateralism and Network Effects in Migration Regimes 16.30-16.50 Victoria Banti-Markouti, The Role of the European Court of Human Rights’ Case Law in Shaping Government Decisions on Migration Policy Issues 16.50-17.10 Discussion 17.10-17.30 Coffee break 6 17.30-19.15 IV. Voluntary and International Organizations: Protecting and Managing Migrants Chair: Jerôme Elie 17.30-17.50 Gur Alroey, Information, Decision and Migration: The Information Bureaus and the Jewish Emigration from Eastern Europe in the early Twentieth Century 17.50-18.10 Pandora Dimanopoulou-Cohen, The Role of International Christian Organizations in Migration Management and Practices: The Case of the Churches’ Commission for Migrants in Europe 18.10-18.30 Stephan Scheel and Philipp Ratfisch, The Emergence of UNHCR’s Forced Migration Management: Creating New Figures of Protection 18.30-18.50 Luciana Lăzărescu and Marana Matei, The Role of UNHCR in Building the Immigrant Integration System in Romania 18.50-19.15 Discussion 7 FRIDAY, 24 April 2015 10.00- 11.50 V. Gender, International Organizations and Migration Management Chair: Dirk Hoerder 10.00-10.20 Philippa Hetherington, Gendered Migration Management and the League of Nations: Constructing the ‘Good’ Female Migrant in the Interwar Period 10.20-10.40 Nicola Piper and Stuart Rosewarne, Advancing the Rights of Women Workers in the Global South: ILO at the Crossroads of Labour, Women’s and Migrant’s Rights 10.40-11.00 Discussion Invited Speaker: Donna Gabaccia 11.00-11.30 Sex and Data from League to U.N.: The Discovery of the Feminization of Migration 11.30-11.50 Discussion 11.50-12.10 Coffee Break 12.10-13.30 VI. The Post-World War II era and International Migration Management Chair: Martin Geiger 12.10-12.30 Yiannis G.S. Papadopoulos, Plans Full of People: On Transferring Populations From Franklin D. Roosevelt to Harry Truman 12.30-12.50 Sara Dehm, ‘The Tragic Paradox of the Present Epoch’: Post-WWII Surplus Populations, Demography, and the Establishment of the IOM 12.50-13.10 Lina Venturas, Complex Rationales for Regulating Migration through Multilateral Collaboration in the Post-WWII Western World 13.10-13.30 Discussion 13.30-15.00 Lunch Break 8 15.00-17.10 VII. Interactions between National and International Migration Management Chair: Vassilis Karydis Invited Speaker: Dimitria Groutsis 15.00-15.30 Interpreting Transitioning Discourses of Migration Management: An Historical Analysis of the Post-War Period 15.30-15.50 Discussion 15.50-16.10 Maria Damilakou, ICEM and the Migration Policy of Peron in Argentina (1952-1955): Similarities and Divergences in Aims, Discourses and Practices 16.10-16.30 Ioannis Limnios-Sekeris, Cooperation, Alliances and Competition: Receiving Countries’ Participation in ICEM 16.30-16.50 Dimitris Parsanoglou, The ICEM in an Internationalized Environment: An Early Globalization of Migration Management? 16.50-17.10 Discussion 17.10-17.30 Coffee Break 17.30-18.50 VIII. Training Migrants, Development and Welfare Policies Chair: Konstantinos Tsitselikis 17.30-17.50 Giota Tourgeli, Development through Manpower Training: ILO and ICEM Discourses and Policies in the 1950s. 17.50-18.10 Karen E. Watton, Between the Desired and the Endured: Managing ICM’s Pre-departure Training Courses in Traiskirchen Refugee Camp, Austria, 1982– 1988 18.10-18.30 Alexis Franghiadis, Cold War and Welfare Policies: the Case of ICEM, 1951-1960 18.30-18.50 Discussion 20.30 CONFERENCE RECEPTION 9 SATURDAY, 25 April 2015 10.00-12.30 IX. International Organizations Established for Migration Management: Crises and Contestations Chair: Lambros Baltsiotis 10.00-10.20 Jerôme Elie, UNHCR, ICEM and the Expulsion of Asians from Uganda in 1972 10.20-10.40 Fabian Georgi, The Fall and Rise of ICEM. From Existential Crisis to a Global Mandate (1973-1987) 10.40-11.00 Inken Bartels, The Role of the IOM in the Contested Field of Euro- Mediterranean Border and Migration Politics. A Practice-Theoretical Analysis of the Current ‘Migration Management’ Paradigm 11.00-11.20 Discussion 11.20-11.40 Coffee Break Invited speaker: Bob Reinalda 11.40-12.10 The IOM and its Directors-General in the History of International Organization 12.10-12.30 Discussion 12.30-13.50 X. The European Union’s Migration Regime Chair: Philippe Rygiel 12.30-12.50 Simone Paoli, At the Origins of the Schengen System: Causes and Aims of a Silent Revolution (1985-1990) 12.50-13.10 Midori Okabe, On the EU Approach to Migration Management:-Power Formation, Forum Shopping, and Institutional Dynamics 13.10-13.30 Muhammed Amin, “Welcome to Europe!” Linking the EU Parliament LUX Film Prize and the Impact of Migration Films to the Emergence of a European Public Sphere 13.30-13.50 Discussion 13.50-15.30 Lunch Break 10 15.30-17.20 XI. Contemporary Migration Management Chair:Leonidas Kallivretakis Invited Speaker: Martin Geiger 15.30-16.00 Managing Migration in World Society. The IOM as “World Organization” 16.00-16.20 Discussion 16.20-16.40 Stuart Rosewarne, Migration Management: The Shifting Landscape of Management Instruments 16.40-17.00 Andrew Robarts, Inter-state Cooperation and Migration Management in the Black Sea Region 17.00-17.20 Discussion 17.20-17.40 Coffee Break 17.40-19.15 XII. Migration Management: Discourses and Practices Chair: Dimitria Groutsis 17.40-18.00 Sandra Sacchetti, Between Discourse and Reality – Return Assistance Implemented 18.00-18.20 Reggina Mantanika, Assigned Landscapes of Migration and their Narrative. A Look at the Discourse of Authorities on Border Control in Greece 18.20-18.40 Shoshana Fine, Bordercratic Practices and the Making of Transit Migration 18.40-19.00 Discussion 19.00-19.15 CONCLUDING REMARKS 11 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS Name Affiliation e-mail Alroey Gur Professor, School of History, University of Haifa galroey@univ.haifa.ac.il Amin Muhammed PhD Candidate, Department of History, University of Ottawa mamin082@uottawa.ca Baltsiotis Lambros Adjunct Lecturer, Department of Political Science and History, Panteion University balts@otenet.gr Banti-Markouti Victoria Doctor Juris banti@unhcr.org Bartels Inken PhD Candidate, Berlin Graduate School of Social Science, Humboldt University inken.bartels@hu-berlin.de Damilakou Maria Lecturer, History Department, Ionian University mariadamilakou@ath.forthnet.gr Dehm Sara Senior Fellow, PhD Candidate, Institute for International Law and the Humanities, Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne dehms@unimelb.edu.au Dimanopoulou-Cohen Pandora PhD, Independent Researcher, Paris dora.dimanopoulou@gmail.com Elie Jerôme Independent Researcher jerome.elie@graduateinstitute.ch Fine Shoshana PhD Candidate, CERI Sciences Po, Paris shoshana.fine@sciencespo.fr Franghiadis Alexis Independent Researcher franghiadis@gmail.com Gabaccia Donna Professor, Department of Historical and Cultural Studies, University of Toronto Scarborough donna.gabaccia@utoronto.ca Gallo Stefano Research Fellow, Consiglio Nazionale del la Ricerca, Napoli stogallo@gmail.com Geiger Martin Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Carleton University martin.geiger@carleton.ca Georgi Fabian PhD Candidate, Institute for Political Science, Philipps-University of Marburg fabian.georgi@staff.unimarburg. de Groutsis Dimitria Senior Lecturer, Business School, University of Sydney dimitria.groutsis@sydney.edu.au Hetherington Philippa Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Laureate Research Program in International History, University of Sydney philippa.hetherington@sydney.edu .au Hoerder Dirk Professor, Department of History, Arizona State University dhoerder@asu.edu Jean Yaron PhD, School of History, University of Haifa yjean67@gmail.com 12 Kallivretakis Leonidas Research Director, Institute of Historical Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation leonkall@eie.gr Karydis Vassilis Professor, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of the Peloponnese hr@synigoros.gr Lăzărescu Luciana Research Fellow, Research and Information Centre on Immigrant Integration, Romania luciana.lazarescu@arps.ro Limnios-Sekeris Ioannis Independent Researcher, IOM Office in Greece limniosg@gmail.com Mantanika Reggina PhD Candidate, UFR des Sciences Sociales, University Paris7 Diderot reginamantanika@gmail.com Matei Marana Research Fellow, Research and Information Centre on Immigrant Integration, Romania marana.matei@fundatia.ro Okabe Midori Professor, Sophia University, Tokyo midori-o@sophia.ac.jp Paoli Simone Research Fellow, Department of Political Science, Law and International Studies, University of Padua paolisimone@yahoo.it simone.paoli@unipd.it Papadopoulos Yannis G.S. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of the Peloponnese ypapado@uop.gr Parsanoglou Dimitris Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of the Peloponnese parsanoglou@hotmail.com Peterson Glen Professor, History Department, University of British Columbia glpeters@mail.ubc.ca Piana Francesca Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Swiss National Science Foundation francescapiana26@gmail.com Piper Nicola Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Sydney nicola.piper@sydney.edu.au Rass Christoph A. Research Fellow, Institute for Migration Research and Intercultural Studies, University of Osnabrück chrass@uos.de Ratfisch Philipp Independent Researcher p.ratfisch@posteo.de Reinalda Bob Senior Researcher, Nijmegen School for Management, Radboud University b.reinalda@fm.ru.nl RobartsAndrew Assistant Professor, Rhode Island School of Design andrewrobarts@yahoo.com Rosewarne Stuart Associate Professor, Department of Political Economy, University of Sydney stuart.rosewarne@sydney.edu.au Rygiel Philippe Professor, Département d’Histoire, Université Paris 10 rygiel.philippe@wanadoo.fr Sacchetti Sandra PhD Candidate, Research Unit Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, sandra.sacchetti@gmx.net 13 Espaces, University of Luxembourg Scheel Stephan Postgraduate Research Student, Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance, Open University s.scheel@gold.ac.uk Tourgeli Giota PhD Candidate, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of the Peloponnese g.tourgeli@yahoo.gr Tsitselikis Konstantinos Associate Professor, Department of Balkan Slavic and Oriental Studies, University of Macedonia ktsitselikis@yahoo.com Venturas Lina Professor, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of the Peloponnese ventura@uop.gr Watton Karen E. Independent consultant trainer, Ulster University, Director of Dyslexia Forum karenejwatton@yahoo.co.uk Wolf Gerhard Lecturer, Department of History, University of Sussex g.wolf@sussex.ac.uk

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